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10 March 2011

Sob, this time me mo post again, if the posting had been on the History of computer, now on the history of the internet, so hopefully wrote a post about the history of computer and internet history is no benefit for my friend who again kepengen know about history, especially computers and the Internet. Looks like this need ya buddy student to a class of his computer, yes .... hopefully useful aja ya .... sob
Internet history begins from a computer network established by the United States Department of Defense in 1969, through a project called ARPANET ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency Network), where they demonstrate how the hardware and UNIX-based computer software, we can perform communication in an infinite distance telephone lines. ARPANET project designing a network, reliability, how much information can be transferred, and finally all the standards that they set into the embryo of a new protocol development is now known as TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol).

The initial purpose of the construction project was for military purposes. At that time the United States Department of Defense (U.S. Department of Defense) create a computer network system that is spread by linking computers in areas vital to address the problem in case of nuclear attack and to avoid the occurrence of centralized information, which in the event of war can be easily destroyed.
At first ARPANET only connecting 4 sites, ie the Stanford Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, University of Utah, where they form a single integrated network in 1969, and in general the ARPANET was introduced in October 1972. Not long after the project is growing rapidly in all regions, and all universities in the country wanted to join, thus making it difficult to set the ARPANET.
Therefore, ARPANET split widened two, namely "MILNET" for military purposes and the "ARPANET" new smaller for non-military purposes such as, universities. Combined both networks eventually known as the DARPA Internet, which then reduces to the Internet.
List of important events in the history of internet development 1957> Soviet Union (now Russia) launched space vehicle, Sputnik.

1958> In the aftermath of the "defeat" the United States in launching the space vehicle, established an agency within the United States Department of Defense, Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), which aims for the United States to increase science and technology in the country. One aim is to computer technology.
1962> J.C.R. Licklider wrote an article about a vision in which computers can be interconnected with each other globally for every computer is able to offer access to programs and data. In this year also the RAND Corporation started research on this idea (distributed computer network), which is intended for military purposes.
The early 1960s> The theory of packet-switching can be implemented in the real world.
The mid-1960s> ARPA developed ARPANET to promote the "Cooperative Networking of Time-sharing Computers," with only four host computers can be connected until 1969, the Stanford Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, University of California, Santa Barbara, and University of Utah.
1965> The term "Hypertext" was issued by Ted Nelson.
1968> Network Tymnet made.
1971> Member of the ARPANET network increased to 23 computer nodes, which consists of the computers for the United States government-owned research and universities.
1972> A working group called the International Network Working Group (INWG) designed to enhance computer network technology and also create standards for computer networks, including the Internet. The first speaker of this organization is Vint Cerf, known as the "Father of the Internet"
1972-1974> Some commercial database services such as Dialog, SDC Orbit, Lexis, The New York Times DataBank, and others, to register themselves to the ARPANET via dial-up networking.
1973> ARPANET to the outside of the United States: This year, members of the ARPANET grew again with the entry of several universities in the United States outside the University College of London from the UK and the Royal Radar Establishment in Norway.
1974> Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn publish detailed specifications of the protocol Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) in the article "A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection".
1974> Bolt, Beranet & Newman (BBN), pontraktor for the ARPANET, opened a commercial version of ARPANET which they refer to as Telenet, which is the first public packet data service.
1977>> Already there are 111 computers that are connected to the ARPANET.
1978> TCP split into two parts, ie, Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP / IP).
1979> The first Usenet discussion group created by Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis and Steve Bellovin, a graduate of Duke University and the University of North Carolina, United States. After that, the use of Usenet also increased drastically. In this year also, emoticons proposed by Kevin McKenzie.
The early 1980s> Personal Computer (PC) epidemic, and became part of many human lives. This year recorded the ARPANET has a membership of up to 213 hosts are connected. Services BITNET (Because It's Time Network) was initiated, by providing an e-mail services, mailing lists, and also File Transfer Protocol (FTP). CSNET (Computer Science Network) was established this year by scientists and experts in computer science from Purdue University, University of Washington, RAND Corporation, and BBN, with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF). This network provides e-mail and some other services to scientists without having to access the ARPANET.
1982> The term "Internet" was first used, and TCP / IP adopted as the universal protocol for the network. Name servers began to be developed, thus allowing users to connect to a host without having to know the sure path to the host. This year there are more than 1000 recorded the host fruit is incorporated into the Internet.
1986> Introduced domain name system, which is now known as DNS (Domain Name System) that serves to ensure a uniform system of naming computers on the network address 

Source wikipedia.com
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